Impact of Motivation on Employee Performance in Upe Schools in Uganda a Case Study of Upe Schools in Gayaza Parish Wakiso District
Author: ABONEKA BRIDGET IMMA
Supervisor: Aloysius Louis Mubiru
The research intended to establish the impact of motivation on employee performance of UPE (Universal Primary Education) schools in Uganda. The lack of sufficient motivators in UPE schools as the study problem was addressed using four objectives as to establish the different motivators of employees in UPE schools, to access the relationship between motivational levels and employee performance levels in UPE schools, to examine the impact of motivation on employee performance in UPE schoolsand lastly to identify the challenges faced by management in the effort of motivating employees in UPE.
A conceptual frame was also deemed necessary for the purposes of addressing the research problem. The variables in conceptual frame work were motivation as the independent variable, employee performance as the dependent variable and the intervening variable were government intervention and social cultural factors.Herzberg’s two factor theory was used as the theoretical frame,hypothesizesboth null and alternative were also deemed necessary as better motivation strategies will improve employee performance and bad motivational strategies will not improve employee performance respectively.
A literature review was conducted on the research topic in line with the objectives, conceptual frame work, theoretical frame work and hypothesis with emphasis on the research objectives. The research was conducted using a case study design with UPE schools in Gayaza County Wakiso district, both quantitative and qualitative approaches were applied and a cross section survey was used for the case of the time horizon. Data was collected using Questionnaires, Interviews, observation and the review of secondary data from the library. The research targeted employees of all categories with focus on the teachers taking them to be the most important employees of schools.
Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) where conclusions were drawn from tables generated from the Package and these same tables were used to generate graphs and pie charts from excel that were used to present the findings. The findings were presented in a way that they answered the objectives, conceptual frame work, theoretical frame work and hypothesis both null and alternative in that order. According to the research, it was found out that the motivational strategies that have so far been implemented in the UPE schools are not good enough but if bettered then the performance of employees in these schools will increase.
The researcher recommends the schools to better their motivational strategies and get all stake holders especially government, teachers and parents of the pupils that go to these schools involved in the motivation of employees.
In conclusion, motivation has a positive impact on employee performance and hence a significant relationship between the two. Improving motivation of employees is the one assured way of improving employee performance.