Examining the Socio-Economic Challenges of Refugees in Host Countries a Case Study of Rwamwanja Refugee Settlements
Author: Atuhairwe Ronald
Supervisor: Jimmy Tibs Tumwesigye
x Abstract This study examined the socio-economic challenges of refugees in Host Countries. The specific objectives of the study were; to find out the social challenges facing refugees in host countries, to find out the economic challenges facing refugees in host countries and to find out the cultural challenges facing refugees in host countries. The study used a case study research design with quantitative and qualitative research techniques using a total sample size of 60 respondents. Data was collected using self-administered questionnaires and face to face interviews. The study revealed that refugees are always faced with many social, cultural and economic challenges. Social challenges included hardships in securing safe, affordable housing, difficulties in speaking and learning new languages. Economic challenges included difficult in raising children and helping them succeed in school and also accessing health services. It is can also be noted that refugees face difficulties in establishing a new business and also difficulties are also experienced in accessing other sources of income and that refugees normally experience challenges as a result inflation. Additionally, there were cultural challenges evidenced by the many cases of bullying and discrimination as a result of cultural differences and that there is a challenge integration of different religious beliefs. Racism is another major barrier faced by refugees. The study concluded that there are many social, cultural and economic challenges that are faced by refugees in host countries as noted above. Therefore, it is recommended that in order to have a smooth educational environment at the refugee camp, the UNHCR and other relief agencies need to provide regular teacher workshops, incentives for teachers and other education support (stationaries,) to all the schools existing at the camp, There is also a need to reconsider the earlier micro-credit loans scheme to refugees by both international and local humanitarian relief agencies to help parents into selling and proceeds can help in earning a standard of living. Proper monitoring would be necessary in this case.