Assessing the Role of Non-State Actors in Mitigating Juvenile Delinquency the Case of Selected Non-State Actors in Yambio Town, Western Equatoria State (Wes) - South Sudan.
Author: Jarvas Benedict Zungumbia
This study is designed to probe an understanding into the role that the selected Non-State Actors within Western Equatoria State (WES) especially Yambio Town undertake to mitigate delinquency among vulnerable children. These selected Non-State Actors include, family, community and the Non- Governmental Organizations (NGOs) as situated within the circles of social ecological system of the child. The study is set to answer questions on the following (i) the approaches which the selected Non- State Actors undertake to mitigate delinquency among vulnerable children, (ii) their specific ways in mitigating delinquency and lastly (iii) the challenges which the selected Non-State Actors face in mitigating delinquency.
The study is designed qualitatively, as it examines social processes within the social ecological system of the child. On this note, the research revealed different methods that the selected non-state actors employ as approaches in the fight against delinquency. These approaches included on the part of the mentoring, family bonding, parent-child relationship, shaping the future, meanwhile community include; community engagement, community resilience, keeping good morals by exerting influence. As well the Non-Governmental Organizations have different approaches such as child Rights promotion, social Protection for vulnerable children.
Also the selected non-state actors developed specific ways to combat delinquency. In doing so the family have the following specific ways; these specific ways include; ensuring safety nets for vulnerable children, enrolling children in schools, Ensuring positive socialization, sustainable solutions. On the same note community get involved in; community initiatives, risk mitigation, building protective environments, availing community responsibilities to youths, Non-Governmental Organizations usher in; parents' enhancement, consultation with families, psycho-social programs for vulnerable children, violence prevention and peace education projects through sports, encouraging parents to ensure early stimulation of children, early Child development projects, health projects for children and parents, awareness on childrenís rights and needs, provision of child friendly Space (CFS). Western Equatoria State, a region which has been embroiled in instabilities has a resultant obstacles that can impede the any activities. Therefore the selected non-state actors have encountered challenges in pursue of delinquency mitigation among vulnerable children. The challenges of which some are beyond their own making. Families as one of the non-state actors have challenges such as viscious cycle of poverty, inappropriate displine styles, limited family income. In the same line communities continue to encounter challenges such as; risky neighborhood communities; community instability. More still the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs), have registered the following challenges; limited resources, staff with limited knowledge on child rights, inadequate research on delinquency specific threats.
This study has revealed that, the selected non-state actors continue fight against delinquency, however more is needed in terms of synergy between them, sourcing for resources, enhancing their capacities respectively.